The State Council Information Office publishes a white paper on “Xinjiang’s Population Development”
On the 26th, the State Council Information Office issued a white paper on “Population Development in Xinjiang”. The full text is as follows:
The population development of Xinjiang
People’s Republic of China
State Council Information Office
1. The history of population development in Xinjiang
2. The current situation of Xinjiang’s population
3. Development of Uygur population
4. The Reality and Inevitability of Xinjiang’s Population Development
V. Trends in population development in Xinjiang
6. Several questions about the speculation of overseas anti-China forces
Population is the main body of social life and the prerequisite for the existence and development of human society. All human economic and social activities are closely related to population. Population development is related to economic development, social harmony, national prosperity and decline, and national security.
Xinjiang is located in northwestern China and the hinterland of Eurasia. It has been a multi-ethnic area since ancient times. In 60 BC, the Central Government of the Western Han Dynasty established the Western Regions Protectorate in Xinjiang, marking that Xinjiang was officially included in China’s territory. Over the past 2000 years, many ethnic groups in Xinjiang have undergone birth, differentiation, and fusion, forming a harmonious symbiosis relationship and a pluralistic unity pattern of “you are in you and you are in me”.
Before the founding of the People’s Republic of China, Xinjiang’s economic and social development was backward, with a small population, low population quality, and short average life expectancy. After the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, Xinjiang’s population, especially ethnic minorities, grew rapidly, the quality of the population continued to improve, and the average life expectancy increased significantly. Today, Xinjiang is experiencing comprehensive economic and social development, the overall social situation remains stable, the people of all ethnic groups live and work in peace and contentment, and the population development is balanced and healthy.
1. The history of population development in Xinjiang
Before the founding of the People’s Republic of China, Xinjiang had a low level of productivity and backward production methods. People of all ethnic groups were oppressed by foreign aggressive forces, feudal exploiting classes, and religious privileged classes. Their lives were extremely difficult, their lives were insecure, and population growth was slow. According to research, from 60 BC to the mid-18th century AD, the population of Xinjiang has never exceeded 1 million for more than 1800 years. Affected by wars and other factors, when General Yili was established in 1762, Xinjiang had a population of less than 300,000. In 1884, Xinjiang was established as a province. According to the Records of Xiang Army, Xinjiang had a population of 1.839 million in 1887. When Xinjiang was peacefully liberated in 1949, its population reached 4.3334 million.
After the founding of New China, the population development of Xinjiang entered a new historical period. With the development of the economy and society and the improvement of people’s living standards, especially the improvement of medical and health conditions, the death rate of Xinjiang’s population has dropped rapidly, and the natural growth rate has risen sharply. Under the guidance of the state’s vigorous development and construction of border areas and the acceleration of the development of ethnic areas, a large number of intellectuals and young people actively responded to the call of the state to go to Xinjiang to support border construction. Due to the dual factors of natural population growth and population inflow, Xinjiang’s population has grown rapidly. According to the data of the first national census in 1953, the population of Xinjiang reached 4,783,600; the data of the second national census in 1964 showed that the total population of Xinjiang was 7,270,100. In 11 years, Xinjiang’s population increased by 2,486,500, with an average annual growth rate. The rate is 3.88%. By 1978, before China’s reform and opening up, the total population of Xinjiang had increased to 12.3301 million, a net increase of 7.9967 million over 1949, with an average annual growth rate of 3.67%.
After 1978, Xinjiang’s population entered a stage of steady growth. According to the national census data, the total population of Xinjiang in 1982 was 13.0815 million, which increased to 15.156 million in 1990, a net increase of 2.0754 million, with an average annual growth rate of 1.86%; in 2000 it reached 18.459500, a net increase of 330.26 over 1990. 10,000 people, with an average annual growth rate of 1.99%.
Since the 21st century, Xinjiang’s population has entered a stage of steady growth. Data from the sixth national census in 2010 showed that Xinjiang’s population reached 21,815,800, an increase of 3.3563 million over 2000, with an average annual growth rate of 1.68%. The preliminary summary data of the seventh national census in 2020 showed that Xinjiang’s population reached 2585.23 10,000 people, an increase of 4.0365 million over 2010, with an average annual growth rate of 1.71%. During the period from 2000 to 2020, Xinjiang’s population growth has slowed down, but the average annual growth rate is still 1.15 percentage points higher than the national average.
From the perspective of ethnic minority population growth, the data of previous national censuses showed that in 1953, the ethnic minority population in Xinjiang was 4,451,500, which increased to 4,948,900 in 1964, a net increase of 497,400, with an average annual growth rate of 0.97%; in 1982, 7,797,500. Compared with 1964, there was a net increase of 2,848,600 people, with an average annual growth rate of 2.56%; in 1990, 9,461,500 people, compared with 1982, a net increase of 1,664,000 people, with an average annual growth rate of 2.45%; in 2000, 10.9696 million Compared with 1990, a net increase of 1.508 million people, with an average annual growth rate of 1.49%; in 2010, 12.9859 million people, a net increase of 2.0163 million people compared with 2000, with an average annual growth rate of 1.7%; 2020, 14.9322 million Compared with 2010, there was a net increase of 1,946,300 people, with an average annual growth rate of 1.41%.
2. The current situation of Xinjiang’s population
The preliminary summary data of the seventh national census in 2020 shows that the total population of Xinjiang is 25,852,300, the population of Han is 10.9201 million, and the population of ethnic minorities is 14.9322 million. Compared with the sixth national census, in 10 years, Xinjiang’s population growth rate ranked 4th in the country, population growth ranked 8th in the country, and the ranking of total population rose from 25th to 21st.
From the perspective of gender structure, in Xinjiang’s population, the male population is 13,354,400, accounting for 51.66 percent of the total population; the female population is 12.498 million, accounting for 48.34% of the total population; the gender ratio of the total population (the number of men corresponding to every 100 women) It is 106.85, which is basically the same as the sixth national census.
In terms of age structure, Xinjiang has a population of 5,806,200 aged 0–14, accounting for 22.46%; a population aged 15–59, 1,129,200, accounting for 66.26%; and a population of 2.917 million aged 60 and above, accounting for 11.28%. Compared with 2010, the proportion of the population aged 0–14 has increased by 2.01%, and the proportion of population aged 60 and above has increased by 1.62%. Compared with the national average, the proportion of people aged 0–14 in Xinjiang is 4.51 percentage points higher than the national 17.95%; the proportion of people aged 60 and above is 7.42 percentage points lower than the national 18.7%, and the population aging is relatively low.
In terms of educational attainment, the average number of years of education for people aged 15 and above in Xinjiang has increased from 9.27 in 2010 to 10.11 in 2020, which is 0.2 years higher than the national average of 9.91 years and ranks 10th in the country. Compared with 2010, the number of people with university education per 100,000 population increased from 10,613 to 16,536; those with high school education increased from 11,669 to 13,208; those with junior high school education decreased from 36241 to 31559; The number of people with primary school education was reduced from 30,085 to 28,405.
In terms of health, the average life expectancy of Xinjiang’s population in 2019 is 74.7 years, 2.35 years higher than in 2010. Infant mortality rate, mortality rate of children under 5 years old, and maternal mortality rate decreased from 26.58‰, 31.95‰, 43.41/100,000 in 2010 to 6.75‰, 10.91‰, 17.89/100,000 in 2020, respectively. In 2019, the number of practicing physicians per 1,000 people and the number of beds in medical and health institutions reached 2.7 and 7.39, respectively, an increase of 0.58 and 1.93 beds over 2010.
From the perspective of urban-rural and floating population structure, in 2020, Xinjiang has a population of 14.613,600 in urban areas and 11.238,700 in rural areas, accounting for 56.53% and 43.47% of the total population, respectively. Compared with 2010, the urban population increased by 5,277,900, the rural population decreased by 1,241,300, and the urban population increased by 13.73 percentage points. Xinjiang has a floating population of 8.0514 million. Among them, there are 4,670,700 floating population in Xinjiang and 3,390,700 cross-provincial inflow population. Compared with 2010, the floating population increased by 4.0611 million, an increase of 101.78%.
In terms of regional distribution, Xinjiang currently has 14 prefectures (prefectures and cities), including 9 in northern Xinjiang and 5 in southern Xinjiang. Historically, there was a big difference in the population of northern and southern Xinjiang. The population of southern Xinjiang once accounted for more than two-thirds of the entire population of Xinjiang. With the development of economy and society, the population distribution in northern and southern Xinjiang tends to be balanced. In 2020, the population of northern Xinjiang was 13.3091 million, accounting for 51.48% of the total population, which was an increase of 1,956,200 from 11.529 million in 2010; and the population of southern Xinjiang was 12.5432 million, accounting for 48.52%, which was an increase from 10.4629 million in 2010. 2.0803 million people.
3. Development of Uygur population
Since the founding of New China, Xinjiang has entered a period of peaceful development. In 1955, the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region was established. The party and the state implemented a system of ethnic regional autonomy in Xinjiang, insisted that all ethnic groups are equal, and implemented a series of special support policies. The Uyghur and other minority populations entered the best period of development in history.
In terms of population growth, the Uyghur population in Xinjiang continues to grow. According to the data of previous national censuses, the Uyghur population was 3.6076 million in 1953, 3.91 million in 1964, 5.9559 million in 1982, 719.18 million in 1990, 8,345,600 in 2000, 10,001,300 in 2010, and 1162.43 in 2020. Ten thousand people. The net population increase between the two censuses was 384,000, 1,964,300, 1,235,900, 1,153,800, 1,655,700, and 1,623, respectively. The average annual growth rate was 0.92%, 2.25%, 2.38%, 1.5 %, 1.83%, 1.52%. The above data shows that after the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the Uyghur population has maintained a relatively high level of growth, which is basically in line with the trend of Xinjiang’s population development.
Since the beginning of the new century, the Uyghur population has increased from 8,345,600 in 2000 to 11.6243 million in 2020, with an average annual growth rate of 1.67%, which is much higher than the average annual growth rate of the national minority population of 0.83% in the same period.
From the perspective of age structure, the Uyghur population has a lighter age structure than the entire Xinjiang population. In 2020, the proportions of Uyghurs aged 0–14, 15–59, 60 and above are 30.51%, 60.95%, and 8.54%, respectively. In 2020, the proportions of the population of 0–14, 15–59, 60 and above in Xinjiang will be 22.46%, 66.26%, and 11.28% respectively.
In terms of education level, the education level of the Uyghurs has been continuously improved. According to the seventh national census data, there are 8,944 Uyghurs with a university education per 100,000 people, an increase of 6,540 compared with 2000, and the number of years of education for the population aged 15 and above has increased from 7.06 in 2000. 9.19 by 2020.
In terms of regional distribution, the Uyghur population is mainly distributed in four prefectures in southern Xinjiang, including Kashgar, Hotan, Aksu, and Kezhou. According to the 2020 national census data, the Uyghur population in the four prefectures of southern Xinjiang accounted for 83.74% of the local population and 74.01% of the Uyghur population in Xinjiang. Among them, Kashgar, Hotan and other areas have a Uyghur population of more than 2 million, and the Aksu area has a population of close to 2 million.
4. The Reality and Inevitability of Xinjiang’s Population Development
The population development of Xinjiang, along with the process of industrialization, urbanization, and modernization, has experienced high births, high deaths, low growth to high births, low deaths, and high growth, and is changing to low births, low deaths, and low growth. It is an economic society. The combined effect of multiple factors, including development, implementation of policies and regulations, and changes in the concept of marriage and childbirth, is in line with the universal law of world population development.
From the perspective of economic and social development, Xinjiang has made great achievements in various undertakings since the founding of New China. The GDP has increased from 792 million yuan in 1952 to 1,379.758 billion yuan in 2020. The per capita GDP has increased from 166 yuan in 1952 to 53,591 yuan in 2020. Education has developed steadily. In 1949, Xinjiang had only one university, nine middle schools, and 1355 elementary schools. The enrollment rate of school-age children was only 19.8%, and the illiteracy rate was over 90%. After more than 70 years of development, Xinjiang has formed a complete education system from preschool education to higher education. By 2020, villages will have kindergartens, 3641 primary schools, 1211 regular middle schools, 147 secondary vocational schools (excluding technical schools), 56 regular colleges and universities, and 6 adult colleges. The gross enrollment rate for preschool education will reach 98%. Above, the net enrollment rate of elementary school reached over 99.9%, the consolidation rate of nine-year compulsory education reached over 95%, and the gross enrollment rate of senior high school reached over 98%. The four prefectures of Aksu, Kezhou, Kashgar, and Hotan implemented 15 years of free education from kindergarten to high school. From 1951 to 2020, a total of 2.115 million college graduates have been trained, including 767,000 ethnic minority students, accounting for 36.3%. The health level of the whole people has been greatly improved. Before the founding of the People’s Republic of China, Xinjiang’s medical and health services were extremely backward, with only 54 medical institutions and 696 hospital beds, with 0.16 hospital beds and 0.019 doctors per 1,000 people. By 2019, Xinjiang’s medical and health system has been fully formed, with medical institutions spread across both urban and rural areas, with a total of 18,376 medical institutions and 186,426 beds. The infant mortality rate has dropped from more than 400‰ in 1949 to 6.75‰ in 2020, and the average life expectancy has increased from less than 30 years in 1949 to 74.7 years in 2019.
From the perspective of the implementation of policies and regulations, China’s implementation of family planning has gone through the process of first inland and then frontier, cities and then rural areas, and Han nationalities before ethnic minorities. The implementation of relatively loose policies for ethnic minorities is different from that of Han nationalities. Xinjiang formulates family planning-related policies in accordance with national laws and regulations and local conditions. In the early 1970s, family planning was first implemented among the Han population; in the mid to late 1980s, family planning began to be encouraged among ethnic minorities. The Family Planning Measures of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region issued in 1992 clearly stipulated that a couple of Han urban residents can have 1 child, and that farmers and herdsmen can have 2 children; a couple of ethnic minority urban residents can have 2 children. People can have 3 children; ethnic minorities do not implement family planning. This differentiated childbirth policy is an important reason for the rapid growth of the ethnic minority population in Xinjiang. With economic and social development and the convergence of people of all ethnic groups, Xinjiang revised the “Regulations on Population and Family Planning of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region” in 2017, stipulating that all ethnic groups implement a unified family planning policy, that is, a couple of urban residents can have 2 children. A couple of rural residents can have 3 children. According to the adjustment of the national population and family planning laws and policies, Xinjiang will further adjust and improve the local population and family planning laws and policies. In the process of family planning, Xinjiang has always adhered to the concepts of ensuring the health of women and children, preventing and reducing birth defects, and improving the quality of family life. More and more people know and choose safe, effective and appropriate contraception and birth control measures, and women of childbearing age voluntarily accept fallopian tubes. Ligation and IUD placement have greatly reduced the burden of unintended pregnancy and frequent births among women of all ethnic groups.
From the perspective of the concept of marriage and childbirth, for a long time in the past, in Xinjiang, especially in southern Xinjiang, religious extremism has been infiltrated for a long time, has a wide range of influence, and is deeply poisoned. Severe interference. Many ethnic minority people are deeply affected in marriage, family, and childbirth. Early birth, early childbirth, and multiple births have become a common phenomenon. In recent years, Xinjiang has carried out de-radicalization work in accordance with the law. Religious extremism’s interference in administration, justice, education, marriage, and medical treatment has been effectively curbed. The people of all ethnic groups have significantly increased their awareness of the harmfulness of religious extreme ideology, and their concepts on marriage, childbirth, and family Active changes have been made. Women’s economic, social and family status has continued to improve. Women of all ethnic groups have more opportunities to receive secondary and higher education and participate in economic and social activities. The number and proportion of women’s employment has increased significantly. Taking 2019 alone as an example, 228,100 new jobs were created by women in urban areas in Xinjiang, accounting for 47.43% of the newly-increased employment in cities and towns. Late marriage and late childbearing, prenatal and postnatal care are increasingly popular and become a new trend in society.
V. Trends in population development in Xinjiang
With the continuous release of Xinjiang’s social stability dividend, Xinjiang’s population, especially the minority population, will maintain a steady growth in the coming period, the population size will continue to expand, the quality of the population will continue to improve, and the population flow will become more active.
In terms of population, the age structure of ethnic minorities in Xinjiang is relatively young, and women of childbearing age are relatively large, and there is still potential for the growth of ethnic minority populations. As Xinjiang implements the national optimized childbirth policy, the implementation of the policy that one couple can have 3 children, and the implementation of active childbearing support measures will help promote the steady growth of the total population.
In terms of population quality, with the continuous economic and social development, Xinjiang education will enter a stage of high-quality development, education reform will be further deepened, pre-school education will be universally benefited, compulsory education will develop in a balanced way, high school education will be fully popularized, vocational education will be expanded and improved, and higher The educational strength has been improved, and the education level of the people of all ethnic groups has been continuously improved. The health system in Xinjiang is improving day by day, the conditions of urban and rural medical facilities have been significantly improved, people of all ethnic groups have access to all-round and full-cycle health services, and the health quality of the population has been comprehensively improved. At the same time, Xinjiang will implement and continuously improve various laws and policies for the protection of women’s rights and interests, in-depth implementation of the Women’s Development Program, continue to improve the environment for women’s development, promote equality between men and women, improve the overall quality of women of all ethnic groups, advocate modern and civilized lifestyles, and enable the general public. Women completely get rid of the shackles of religious extremism, actively participate in social and economic life, realize their own value, and share the fruits of development.
In terms of population mobility, Xinjiang is home to 56 ethnic groups, including Han, Uygur, Kazakh, and Hui, presenting the characteristics of “largely mixed, small, and intertwined”. Xinjiang is deeply advancing a new type of urbanization centered on people. By 2035, urbanization will be basically achieved. A number of emerging cities will be built one after another. The scale of cities will continue to expand, and the effect of urban agglomeration will continue to appear. All ethnic groups have extensive contacts, comprehensive exchanges, and in-depth integration, and the mutual embedded social structure and community environment have become more mature and mature. Affected by market orientation and other factors, spontaneous and voluntary population movements for the purpose of education, employment, business, tourism, etc. will become more active between urban and rural areas, between northern and southern Xinjiang, and between inside and outside Xinjiang. Coupled with the in-depth construction of the core area of the Silk Road Economic Belt, and the new opportunities brought about by the large-scale development of the western region in the new era, Xinjiang’s rich resources and location advantages will attract more foreign populations to invest, start businesses and live in.
In the future, Xinjiang’s society will be more harmonious and stable, the economy will be more prosperous, employment will be more adequate, the level of equalization of basic public services will be significantly improved, the multi-level social security system will be more complete, and the sense of gain, happiness, and security of the people of all ethnic groups will continue to increase. People’s lives are happier and better.
6. Several questions about the speculation of overseas anti-China forces
In recent years, overseas anti-China forces have hyped up such fallacies as “forced labor,” “compulsory sterilization,” “parent-child separation,” “cultural extinction,” and “religious persecution”, frantically distorting and discrediting Xinjiang, attacking and discrediting the Chinese government’s policies in governing Xinjiang, in an attempt to impose on China. The hat of “genocide” demonizes China. As everyone knows, the “Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide” adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948 clearly stipulates “genocide”, which “refers to the deliberate total or partial elimination of a certain ethnic, ethnic, racial, or religious group.” The determination of the crime of genocide must be carried out by an international judicial institution with jurisdiction in strict accordance with the requirements and procedures stipulated in the relevant conventions and international law. The fact that the Chinese government protects the rights of Xinjiang Uyghurs and other ethnic minorities in accordance with the law is in stark contrast to the formation of foreign anti-China forces.
1. The so-called “forced labor”
Overseas anti-China forces wantonly fabricated “forced labor” lies to discredit China’s anti-terrorism and de-radicalization efforts, suppress Xinjiang’s cotton, tomato, and photovoltaic industries, undermine China’s participation in global industrial chain cooperation, and deprive people of all ethnic groups in Xinjiang of labor rights and development rights , In an vain attempt to put it in a closed and backward state of poverty, thereby creating chaos in Xinjiang.
In fact, Xinjiang always adheres to the people-centered development concept, attaches great importance to labor employment and social security work, vigorously implements active employment policies, fully respects the wishes of workers, protects citizens’ labor rights in accordance with the law, and actively implements international labor and human rights standards. , Implement labor security laws and regulations, safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of workers, and strive to enable people of all ethnic groups to create a happy life and achieve their own development through hard work. From 2014 to 2020, the total number of employees in Xinjiang increased from 11.352,400 to 13.56 million, an increase of 19.4%; the average annual increase in urban employment was 470,000, of which 149,100 in southern Xinjiang, accounting for 31.72%; rural areas The surplus labor force achieves an average annual transfer of 2,118,200 person-times, of which 1,731,400 person-times in southern Xinjiang, accounting for 61.44%.
The vocational skills education and training center (hereinafter referred to as the education and training center) established in accordance with the law in Xinjiang in the fight against terrorism and de-radicalization, and the de-radicalization centers, community corrections, conversion, and separation projects implemented by many countries in the world, have essentially no the difference. Practice has proved that this is a successful exploration of preventive counter-terrorism and de-radicalization, and it is fully in line with the principles and spirit of a series of counter-terrorism resolutions such as the “United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy” and the United Nations “Plan of Action to Prevent Violent Extremism.” The education and training center has improved the students’ ability to use the national common language and employability, and strengthened the students’ national awareness, civic awareness, and awareness of the rule of law. In October 2019, all trainees from the Education and Training Center graduated. Most of the graduates who have completed their studies choose their own jobs, start their own businesses, or get jobs with the help of the government, and most of them have achieved stable employment.
For a long time, workers of all ethnic groups in Xinjiang, including trainees who graduated from the education and training center, choose their careers according to their own wishes. The principle of consensus is to sign labor contracts with relevant employers and get corresponding remuneration. There is no coercive behavior.
2. The so-called “compulsory sterilization”
Overseas anti-China forces resort to data falsification, falsification, speculation, and digital games to concoct false reports, falsely claiming that “Xinjiang has adopted compulsory family planning policies against Uyghurs and other minorities to curb their birth rate”, aiming to carry out “population extinction” “.
As we all know, China is a country ruled by law. The constitution and laws clearly stipulate that the country respects and protects human rights, and that citizens have the right to give birth and have the obligation to implement family planning in accordance with the law. China’s family planning technical services have always adhered to the principle of combining state guidance and individual voluntary, and citizens have the right to make informed choices about contraceptive methods. Xinjiang implements family planning in accordance with the law and strictly prohibits compulsory birth control and compulsory pregnancy tests. Whether people of all ethnic groups adopt contraceptive measures and what method to adopt for contraception is determined by individuals voluntarily, and no organization or individual may interfere. The majority of women enjoy the autonomy to choose birth control according to their physical and family conditions. With the improvement of women’s status and the transformation of the concept of marriage and childbirth, more and more women tend to marry and give birth later, have fewer and better births, and choose long-acting contraceptive measures. A series of data show that the Uyghur population has maintained a high level for a long time since the founding of New China, and the population size has continued to expand. The so-called “suppression of birth rate” and “population extinction” are completely nonsense.
3. The so-called “parent-child separation”
Overseas anti-China forces lied that Xinjiang “set up boarding schools in order to implement large-scale detentions”, “prevent Uyghur parents, relatives or community members from raising their children”, create “intergenerational separation” and “assimilate” Uyghurs.
The fact is that the “Constitution of the People’s Republic of China” and the “Education Law of the People’s Republic of China” clearly stipulate that citizens of the People’s Republic of China have the right and obligation to receive education. Citizens, regardless of ethnicity, race, sex, occupation, property status, religious beliefs, etc., enjoy equal educational opportunities in accordance with the law. The “Compulsory Education Law of the People’s Republic of China” also stipulates that the county-level people’s government shall set up boarding schools as needed to ensure that school-age children and adolescents who live in scattered areas receive compulsory education. The establishment of boarding schools is a common practice in China at the stage of compulsory education. In 2020, there were 10.878 million primary school boarding students nationwide, accounting for 10.14% of primary school students; junior high school boarding students were 23.011700, accounting for 46.83% of junior high school students. Xinjiang has a vast territory with a total area of 1,664,900 square kilometers. The distance between villages and towns is relatively long. The people in some farming and pastoral areas are scattered, and it is inconvenient for parents to transport their children to school. Carrying out boarding education is conducive to consolidating the universal level of compulsory education, achieving balanced development of education, concentrating high-quality educational resources, ensuring the quality of teaching, and greatly reducing the burden on students’ families. Boarding school students are in school from Monday to Friday, and are at home on weekends and holidays. They can ask for leave at any time. Whether a student is boarding or not is entirely up to the family’s voluntary choice. The so-called “parent-child separation” is completely distorting facts and spreading rumors and slanders.
4. The so-called “cultural extinction”
Overseas anti-China forces fabricated facts, falsely claiming that Xinjiang promotes the popularization of the national spoken and written language in order to “assimilate” ethnic minorities, eliminate their languages and cultural traditions, and implement “cultural extinction.” As everyone knows, the national common spoken and written language is a symbol of national sovereignty, and it is the right and obligation of every citizen to learn to use the national common spoken and written language. This is not only true in China, but also in other countries in the world. Learning and using the national common spoken and written language is conducive to promoting the exchanges and integration of all ethnic groups and promoting the development and progress of all ethnic groups. The Chinese government vigorously promotes and regulates the use of the national common spoken and written language, and guarantees the freedom of all ethnic groups to use and develop their own spoken and written languages in accordance with the law. The “Education Law of the People’s Republic of China” clearly stipulates that “schools and other educational institutions in ethnic autonomous areas dominated by ethnic minority students shall proceed from the actual situation and use the national language and the language commonly used by their own or local nationalities to implement bilingual education.” Xinjiang has carried out the national common language teaching in accordance with the law. At the same time, Uyghur, Kazakh, Kirgiz, Mongolian, and Sibe courses have been opened in primary and secondary schools. This fully guarantees the right of minority students to learn their own spoken and written languages and effectively promotes minority Inheritance and development of national language and culture. Minority languages are widely used in education, justice, administration, social and public affairs and other fields. The Chinese government attaches great importance to the inheritance, protection and development of excellent traditional cultures of all ethnic groups. Xinjiang has strengthened the protection and inheritance of cultural relics. Six cultural relics including the ancient city of Jiaohe and Kizil Grottoes have been included in the World Heritage List. 133 cultural relics including the ancient city of Loulan have been announced as key cultural relics under national protection. More than 9,000 immovable cultural relics have been effective protect. Xinjiang has actively collected, protected, and rescued a number of ancient books of various ethnic groups. For example, it has translated and published the “Wisdom of Happiness” that is on the brink of being lost, and sorted out and published a variety of folk oral literary works such as the Mongolian epic “Jangger”. Relying on the national musical instrument making skills, Uygur mulberry paper making skills, carpet weaving skills, Kazakh felt embroidery and cloth embroidery projects, 4 national-level intangible cultural heritage production protection demonstration bases have been established. “Xinjiang Uyghur Muqam Art”, “Manas”, and “Uyghur Maixi Refu” are included in the UNESCO representative list of human intangible cultural heritage and the list of intangible cultural heritage in urgent need of protection. Xinjiang insists on respecting differences, tolerance for diversity, mutual appreciation, fully respecting and protecting various folk cultures, and realizing the harmonious coexistence of diverse cultures. The “Lantern Lantern Festival”, “Mexirefu”, “Ayites”, “Kumzi Playing and Singing Party”, “Nadam Conference”, and “Hua’er Party” and other folklore activities that are popular with people of all ethnic groups are widely carried out. This series of facts proves that the so-called “cultural extinction” is completely disregarding facts and reversing black and white. 5. The so-called “religious persecution” overseas anti-China forces slander Xinjiang in restricting religious freedom, monitor religious activities of religious believers, prohibit Muslims from fasting, demolish mosques, and persecute religious figures. Respecting and protecting freedom of religious belief is a long-term basic national policy of the Chinese government. The Constitution of the People’s Republic of China clearly stipulates that “citizens have freedom of religious belief” “No state agency, social organization, or individual may compel citizens to believe in or not believe in religion, and must not discriminate against citizens who believe in religion or citizens who do not believe in religion.” “The state Protect normal religious activities. No one may use religion to engage in activities that disrupt social order, harm the health of citizens, or hinder the national education system.” In accordance with the national constitution and laws, Xinjiang protects citizens’ freedom of religious belief and guarantees the orderly conduct of normal religious activities. Religious people conduct normal religious activities in religious places and their own homes in accordance with the doctrines, canons, and traditional customs, including worship, fasting, and religious festivals, and fully comply with their personal wishes without interference and restrictions. Xinjiang Translation has published religious classics such as the “Quran”, “The Essence of Bukhari Hadith Records” in Chinese, Uyghur, Kazakh, Kirgiz and other languages, providing convenience for religious believers of all ethnic groups to obtain religious knowledge. Care for religious people, include teaching staff into the social security system, purchase medical insurance, endowment insurance, serious illness insurance, personal accident insurance, etc. for them free of charge, and conduct annual health check-ups. Attach importance to the training and training of Islamic clerical staff. There are 10 Islamic colleges and universities in Xinjiang, which have trained a group of high-quality clerical staff, which effectively guarantees the healthy and orderly inheritance of Islam. In order to meet the normal religious needs of religious believers, Xinjiang has actively improved the conditions of religious sites and optimized the environmental layout through measures such as repairs, new constructions, relocations, and expansions. The government has also funded the implementation of “seven imports and two possessions” for mosques (water, electricity, roads, gas, information, radio and television, cultural and bookstores enter the mosque, and the Juma Mosque has bidet facilities and flush toilets with water), “nine equipment” ( Equipped with medical services, electronic display screens, computers, electric fans or air conditioners, fire-fighting facilities, natural gas, drinking water equipment, shoe covers or shoe cover machines, lockers), which greatly facilitates religious people and believers. The so-called “religious persecution” is completely false and malicious. It can be seen from the above that the so-called “genocide” in Xinjiang hyped by foreign anti-China forces is an out-and-out lie, a slander of China’s Xinjiang policy and Xinjiang’s development achievements, and a serious violation of international law and basic norms of international relations. The anti-China forces in the United States and some other countries claim to be “human rights defenders,” ignoring their own dark history of committing genocide against Indians and other indigenous people, ignoring their own deep-rooted racial discrimination and other systemic problems, and ignoring their own causes of war. The human rights taint of millions of innocent casualties in other countries, saving others by oneself, calling out thieves to catch thieves, fully exposed its double standards and hypocritical and ugly hegemonic logic on human rights issues.
The population development of Xinjiang is the epitome of China’s population development, and it is also a portrayal of Xinjiang’s development and progress. It is a successful example of a unified multi-ethnic country that promotes the healthy development of ethnic minority populations. Over the past 70 years, Xinjiang’s population has developed rapidly, its scale has continued to expand, its quality has been continuously improved, the average life expectancy has steadily increased, new urbanization and modernization have accelerated, and the people of all ethnic groups have united and harmony, progressed together, and lived happily. This fully demonstrates the leadership of the Communist Party of China. Next, the glorious course of Xinjiang’s prosperity and development. Truth will conquer error, justice will conquer evil. The development of Xinjiang’s population is the inevitable result of economic and social development, industrialization and modernization. It is incomparable in any historical period in the past, and it will not be denied by anyone who respects the facts. Foreign anti-China forces fabricated the deceitful lies of the so-called “genocide” in Xinjiang in an attempt to deceive the international community, mislead international public opinion, and impede China’s development and progress. This sinister conspiracy is doomed to fail. The Chinese government is unwaveringMaintain national sovereignty, security and development interests, unswervingly promote the unity and struggle of all ethnic groups for common prosperity and development, unswervingly implement the party’s strategy of governance in the new era, adhere to the rule of law, unity and stability, culture and prosperity of Xinjiang To build Xinjiang for a long time, and strive to build a socialist Xinjiang with Chinese characteristics in a new era that is united and harmonious, prosperous and wealthy, civilized and advanced, live and work in peace and contentment, and a good ecological environment. The green hills can’t cover it, after all, it flows eastward. The modernization process of Xinjiang is unstoppable by anyone or any force. The future of Xinjiang is bound to be even better!